Should we call them Byzantines or Romans? (video version of this post)
A time lapse illustration of a Roman auxiliary cavalryman, from the early 2nd century AD.
A time lapse illustration of infantrymen from several different parts of the empire after the end of the Western Roman Empire.
The ‘barbarisation’ of the Roman army has become a popular explanation for the end of the Roman Empire. While the empire possessed a strong army of professional Roman soldiers, it could not fail; therefore its end in AD476 was the result, directly or indirectly, of the failure of the army. And since by the fifth century AD the army had come to incorporate many non-Romans into its ranks, logic follows that this ‘de-romanisation’ of the army – the deterioration of Roman military discipline, the end of the legions of the Principate – made the army ineffective and weak.¹Continue reading “How much can we blame barbarisation of the Roman army in leading to the end of the western empire in AD476?”
A time lapse illustration of an assortment of ancient warriors, from the 13th century BC to the 7th century AD
Immortals, 300-style vs Persian Wars-style
A vaguely rhyming A to Z of warriors from all over the world, from the Bronze Age to today.
Speed draw of a Mongol lancer, terror of the 13th century.
The evolution of Roman and Byzantine infantry, from the dawn of Rome to the fall of Constantinople and beyond.